Extraction Site Preservation
When removing a tooth it is important to forsee the bone defect and consider what will be done with the empty space after that tooth is removed. Wisdom teeth are in the back of the mouth, so that site usually will heal on its own with no complications. Sometimes root sensitivity or periodontal pockets can develop after wisdom teeth removal if the bone defect was left untreated. If a tooth is removed and nothing is done with the extraction site, the jaw bone will degenerate and change shape during healing. This can cause your teeth to shift. Occlusal problems (your bite) can develop which can affect your ability to speak and chew.
It may also be likely that the dentist will fill the socket (the space formerly occupied by the tooth), with a bone substitute or other grafting material if it is necessary. Most grafting materials today act as scaffolds upon which your body builds or replaces the grafting material with bone. This ensures that any existing boney defect is reconstructed and the original bone mass or volume is reestablished. This is particularly necessary if a dental implant is contemplated to replace the tooth root. However, your oral dentist will let you know whether or not your socket(s) will require grafting prior to your treatment.
If you want to fill the space with a dental implant, a sturdy jaw bone is necessary to install the implant. If you opt for a dental bridge, the bridge must be molded and placed before the teeth shift.
Dr.Burlacu is always open to a conversation on what you would like to do with your extraction site before removing a tooth. They will be able to make a recommendation and layout a treatment plan. Make sure to schedule follow up appointments to properly care for your extraction site.